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The Battle of Gibraltar , 25 April During the four-hour action, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed. During the War of the Spanish Succession , British and Dutch troops, allies of Archduke Charles , the Austrian pretender to the Spanish Crown, formed a joint fleet and attacked various towns on the southern coast of Spain.
On 4 August , after six hours of bombardment starting at 5: Terms of surrender were agreed upon, after which most of the population chose to leave Gibraltar peacefully.
Franco-Spanish troops failed to retake the town. The Treaty of Utrecht , which ended the war, awarded Britain sovereignty over Gibraltar.
Great Britain has retained sovereignty over Gibraltar though not Minorca ever since, despite attempts by Spain to recapture it.
Due to military incursions by Spain various fortifications were established and occupied by British troops in the area which came to be known as " the British Neutral Ground ".
This was the area to the north of the city wall, militarily conquered and continuously occupied by the British except during time of war.
The sovereignty of this area, which today contains the airport , cemetery, a number of housing estates and the sports centre , is separately disputed by Spain.
Great Siege of Gibraltar , 13 September During the American Revolution , the Spanish, who had entered the conflict against the British, imposed a stringent blockade against Gibraltar as part of an unsuccessful siege the Great Siege of Gibraltar that lasted for more than three years, from to On 14 September , the British destroyed the floating batteries of the French and Spanish besiegers.
The signing of peace preliminaries in February ended the siege. Gibraltar subsequently became a key base for the Royal Navy , first playing an important part prior to the Battle of Trafalgar.
Its strategic value increased with the opening of the Suez Canal as it controlled the sea route between the UK and its colonies and Dominions east of Suez, such as India and Australia.
The British captured the Protectorate of Morocco from Spain, occupying the territory beginning in September Spaniards vacated the territory, and the British flag was raised December 28, During the Civil War there were several incidents that touched Gibraltar.
In August , the Republican destroyer Jose Luis Diez took refuge in Gibraltar after taking casualties from the guns of the Falangist cruiser Canarias.
The one incident that resulted in the death of Gibraltarians occurred in January when a submarine of unknown origin, though probably Italian, sank the SS Endymion , a small freighter taking a cargo of coal to Cartagena , which was in Republican hands.
They also converted the civilian golf course into an airfield. For the next thirty years, Spain restricted movement between Gibraltar and Spain, in application of one of the articles of the Treaty.
The vote was overwhelmingly in favor of continuance of British sovereignty, with 1,, to 44 voting to reject Spanish sovereignty. In response, in June Spain completely closed the border with Gibraltar and severed all communication links.
In it was announced that the honeymoon for the royal wedding between Prince William and Catherine Spencer would start from Gibraltar.
The Spanish Government responded that King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia had declined their invitation to the ceremony as an act of protest.
Joint talks on the future of The Rock held between Spain and the United Kingdom have occurred since the late s under the Brussels Agreement.
A second sovereignty referendum was organised in Gibraltar in November , which rejected any idea of joint sovereignty by 17, The British Government restated that, in accordance with the preamble of the Constitution of Gibraltar:.
Lang-es , as it is termed by Spain, continues to affect Spain—United Kingdom relations. The Trilateral process is ongoing, and the British Government now states as policy that it will not enter into talks about sovereignty with Spain without the consent of the Government and people of the territory.
German torpedo boats attacked the submarine and drove her off. Heavy fog and neutrality requirements, which required the Norwegians to fire warning shots, permitted the Germans to avoid damage.
The Norwegians, including those manning the guns at the Oscarsborg Fortress were on alert, however. She quickly capsized and sank with the loss of approximately 1, sailors and soldiers.
Four men were wounded. A third struck her superstructure behind the port-side aircraft crane. One of the aircraft on board was damaged, and four gunners were killed by the third shell.
By the afternoon of 9 April, most of the Norwegian fortresses had been captured and the commander of the remaining Norwegian forces opened negotiations for surrender.
Unable to steer, she was towed back to port and decommissioned for repairs, which lasted for nearly a year.
During the attack on Norway, the ship suffered nineteen dead, and another fifteen were killed by the torpedo strike.
She was recommissioned for service on 31 March , after which the Kriegsmarine initially planned to send the ship on the commerce raiding operation planned the previous year.
British torpedo bombers attacked the ship off Egersund and scored a single hit that disabled her electrical system and rendered the ship motionless.
She took on a severe list to port and the port shaft was damaged. The crew effected emergency repairs that allowed her to return to Germany; repair work in Kiel lasted for six months.
By 10 May , the ship was finally pronounced ready for action. She was made the flagship of the now Vizeadmiral Kummetz, the commander of Kampfgruppe 2.
Aware that surprise had been lost, the Germans broke off the surface attack and turned the destruction of PQ 17 over to the U-boats and Luftwaffe.
She began a brief set of trials starting on 30 October. She returned to Norway in early November with a destroyer escort, arriving in Narvik on the 12th.
Four of the other five destroyers escorting the convoy rushed to join the fight, while Achates laid a smoke screen to cover the convoy.
Kummetz then turned back north to draw the destroyers away. Captain Robert Sherbrooke , the British escort commander, left two destroyers to cover the convoy while he took the remaining four to pursue Admiral Hipper.
The harsh conditions negatively affected her shooting, which ceased by The cruisers engaged Admiral Hipper , which had been firing to port at the destroyer Obedient.
Hitler was furious over the failure to destroy the convoy, and ordered that all remaining German major warships be broken up for scrap.
The propulsion system proved to be so problematic that repairs in Germany were necessary. She briefly returned to Norway, but by the end of September , a thorough overhaul was required.
The work was completed in Kiel by January , after which she remained in the Baltic Sea to conduct training cruises for new naval personnel.
She continued in this role until 4 May,  by which time she had expended her main battery ammunition. Her crew rigged scuttling charges to destroy the hull, but a fire caused the explosives to detonate prematurely.
Whitley, the Soviet Navy raised the ship in September and broke her up for scrap in — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other ships with the same name, see Deutschland disambiguation.
FuMO stands for Funkmess-Ortung detection radar. See Williamson , p. Флот, который уничтожил Хрущёв Flot, kotoryi unichtozhil Khruschev in Russian.
List of heavy cruisers of Germany. Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in April Awa Maru 2 Apr: U , U 9 Apr: U , Weser 12 Apr: Abele , U 13 Apr: Belgian Airman , U , U 15 Apr: U , U , U , U 16 Apr: Aquila , U , U , U 21 Apr: Davis , U , U 25 Apr: U , U , U , U 30 Apr: Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in
The second flagship had an additional 13 officers and 59 sailors. The ships carried a number of smaller boats, including two picket boats, two barges, one launch , one pinnace , and two dinghies.
The Kriegsmarine considered the ships to be good sea boats, with a slight roll. As built, they were wet in a head sea , though this was significantly improved by the installation of a clipper bow in — The ships were highly maneuverable, particularly when the maneuvering setting for the diesel engines was used, in which half of the engines for each shaft were run in reverse.
The low stern was wet in a stern sea , and equipment stored there was frequently lost overboard. The Deutschland -class ships were equipped with four sets of 9-cylinder, double-acting, two-stroke diesel engines built by MAN.
The engines were paired on two propeller shafts, which were attached to three-bladed screws that were 4. Deutschland was initially fitted with 3.
They did not meet the expected shaft-horsepower on trials, though they did exceed their design speeds. Horsepower figures for Admiral Graf Spee are not recorded, though her top speed on trials was Electricity was supplied by four electric generators powered by two diesel engines.
Steering was controlled by a single rudder. They were supplied with a total of rounds of ammunition, though later in their careers this was increased to 1, rounds.
These were replaced in with six 8. Admiral Graf Spee and Deutschland were rearmed in and , respectively, with six The bow and stern were unarmored at the waterline.
The upper edge of the belt on Deutschland and Admiral Scheer was at the level of the armored deck. On Admiral Graf Spee , it was extended one deck higher.
The armored deck in Deutschland and Admiral Scheer did not extend over the entire width of the ship due to weight; this matter was rectified in Admiral Graf Spee.
Likewise, the torpedo bulkheads for Deutschland and Admiral Scheer stopped at the inside of the double-bottom but in Admiral Graf Spee extended to the outer hull.
Admiral Scheer and Admiral Graf Spee had some improvements in armor thickness. The Kriegsmarine initially classified the ships as " Panzerschiffe " armored ships , but in February it reclassified the two survivors of the class as heavy cruisers.
Actually, they are equivalent to armoured cruisers of an exceptionally powerful type. Deutschland was laid down at the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel on 5 February ,  under the contract name Panzerschiff A , as a replacement for the old battleship Preussen.
Work began under construction number Serious political opposition to the ships continued after the authorization for Deutschland , and a political crisis over the second ship, Admiral Scheer , was averted only after the Social Democrats abstained from voting.
As a result of the opposition, Panzerschiff B was not authorized until Admiral Graf Spee , the third and final member of the class, was also ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Kriegsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven.
She was ordered under the contract name Panzerschiff C to replace the battleship Braunschweig. After Hitler had given the order in late January for the two remaining ships to be scrapped, the possibility of instead converting them into aircraft carriers was discussed.
Conversion time was estimated at two years. This plan was not pursued. Deutschland saw significant action with the Kriegsmarine , including several non-intervention patrols , during which she was attacked by Republican bombers.
While en route, she was torpedoed by a British submarine and seriously damaged. While en route, she was torpedoed by a British bomber, necessitating significant repairs that lasted until May She returned to Norway to join the forces arrayed against Allied shipping to the Soviet Union.
She ran aground during a planned attack on convoy PQ 17 , which necessitated another return to Germany for repairs.
Engine problems forced a series of repairs culminating in a complete overhaul at the end of , after which the ship remained in the Baltic.
Admiral Scheer saw heavy service with the German Navy, including several deployments to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, to participate in non-intervention patrols.
While on the operation, she also made a brief foray into the Indian Ocean. Following her return to Germany, she was deployed to northern Norway to interdict shipping to the Soviet Union.
She was part of the abortive attack on Convoy PQ 17 with the battleship Tirpitz ; the operation was broken off after surprise was lost.
She also conducted Operation Wunderland , a sortie into the Kara Sea. She was sunk by British bombers on 9 April and partially scrapped; the remainder of the wreck lies buried beneath a quay.
Admiral Graf Spee conducted extensive training in the Baltic and Atlantic before participating in five non-intervention patrols during the Spanish Civil War in — These forces included four aircraft carriers, two battleships, and one battlecruiser.
Admiral Graf Spee operated in concert with the supply ship Altmark. She inflicted heavy damage on the British ships, but suffered damage as well, and was forced to put into port at Montevideo.
Langsdorff committed suicide three days after the scuttling. The ship was partially broken up in situ , though part of the ship remains visible above the surface of the water.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Deutschland class cruiser. Not to be confused with Deutschland-class battleship.
German cruiser Admiral Scheer. German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee. As an overseas British territory, and numerous stadiums in the country, many would have assumed that Gibraltar would have rented an English ground.
With a travelling time of just under four hours by car and a population of just over 30, — the exact same size of the stadium, you could forgive Gibraltar for failing to fill the relatively large stadium!
Gibraltar fans outside Estadio Algarve before the qualification match against Poland. Away fans are allocated the eastern stand Green , although there is also mixed zone with the south-west half of the main stand red.
The two goal-end stands are closed for each match, as are the upper-tiers of both side stands. Of the three Euro qualification matches which have been played so far the attendance has fluctuated greatly depending on who the opposition is.
For the first match against Poland there was an attendance of 1,, for the match against Georgia it was just , and when the World Cup Champions Germany visited a record attendance of 7, was recorded.
It would certainly be impressive if the Republic of Ireland or Scotland could exceed that number. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Gibraltar 3, Armenia 0. Hugo Miguel Portugal Man of the Match: Gibraltar national football team results and Gibraltar national football team results — unofficial matches.
Alan Mario Sant Malta. List of Gibraltar international footballers. Gibraltar national football team records and statistics.
Jake Gosling left and Lee Casciaro right are joint top scorers for Gibraltar with two goals each. View of Lathbury Barracks.
Archived from the original on 1 March Gibraltar to send youth to Jersey ". Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 25 February Gibraltar confirm new stadium plans".
Retrieved 17 September Gibraltar call-up was too good to refuse". Gibraltar, bottom of Group D, have changed their approach of late: Retrieved 24 May Gibraltar national football team.
Official results Unofficial matches. Chief Minister Governor Mayor. Anthem Coat of arms Official flag other flags.God Save the Queen. She was ordered under the contract binäre optionen erklärung Panzerschiff C to replace the battleship Braunschweig. The force left Germany on 8 April and passed through the Kattegat. This plan was not pursued. A community was built and a garrison established to defend windows tablet gebraucht peninsula. Redirected from Deutschland class cruiser. The harsh conditions negatively affected sonner deutsch shooting, which ceased by Gibraltar would later become part of the Kingdom of Granada untilwhen Castillian troops briefly occupied it. Deutschland was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel as 25 euro casino bonus Preussena replacement for the old battleship Preussen. The ship saw significant action with the Kriegsmarine, including several non-intervention patrols in the Spanish Civil Warduring which she was attacked by Republican bombers. Deutschland saw significant action with the Kriegsmarineincluding several non-intervention patrolsduring which she was attacked by Republican bombers.