Im Kartenspiel Poker bezeichnet der Begriff Pot [pɒt], zu Deutsch Topf oder auch Stock, die Summe aller eingezahlten Chips oder auch die Summe allen. Im Kartenspiel Poker beschreibt der Begriff Hand die besten fünf Karten, die . Poker ist der Name einer Familie von Kartenspielen, die normalerweise mit Pokerkarten des anglo-amerikanischen Blatts zu 52 Karten gespielt werden und bei.
In a casino , a house dealer handles the cards for each hand, but the button typically a white plastic disk is rotated clockwise among the players to indicate a nominal dealer to determine the order of betting.
The cards are dealt clockwise around the poker table , one at a time. One or more players are usually required to make forced bets , usually either an ante or a blind bet sometimes both.
The dealer shuffles the cards, the player on the chair to his or her right cuts , and the dealer deals the appropriate number of cards to the players one at a time, beginning with the player to his or her left.
Cards may be dealt either face-up or face-down, depending on the variant of poker being played. After the initial deal, the first of what may be several betting rounds begins.
At the end of each round, all bets are gathered into the central pot. At any time during a betting round, if one player bets, no opponents choose to call match the bet, and all opponents instead fold , the hand ends immediately, the bettor is awarded the pot, no cards are required to be shown, and the next hand begins.
This is what makes bluffing possible. Bluffing is a primary feature of poker, one that distinguishes it from other vying games and from other games that make use of poker hand rankings.
At the end of the last betting round, if more than one player remains, there is a showdown , in which the players reveal their previously hidden cards and evaluate their hands.
The player with the best hand according to the poker variant being played wins the pot. A poker hand comprises five cards; in variants where a player has more than five cards available to them, only the best five-card combination counts.
Poker variations are played where a "high hand" or a "low hand" may be the best desired hand. In other words, when playing a poker variant with "low poker" the best hand is one that contains the lowest cards and it can get further complicated by including or not including flushes and straights etc.
So while the "majority" of poker game variations are played "high hand", where the best high "straight, flush etc. To summarize, there can be variations that are "high poker", "low poker", and "high low split".
In the case of "high low split" the pot is divided among the best high hand and low hand. Poker has many variations ,  all following a similar pattern of play  and generally using the same hand ranking hierarchy.
There are four main families of variants, largely grouped by the protocol of card-dealing and betting:.
There are several methods for defining the structure of betting during a hand of poker. The three most common structures are known as "fixed-limit", "pot-limit", and "no-limit".
In fixed-limit poker, betting and raising must be done by standardized amounts. For instance, if the required bet is X, an initial bettor may only bet X; if a player wishes to raise a bet, they may only raise by X.
In pot-limit poker, a player may bet or raise any amount up to the size of the pot. The raiser may then raise the previous bet by the full amount of the pot.
In no-limit poker, a player may wager their entire betting stack at any point that they are allowed to make a bet.
In all games, if a player does not have enough betting chips to fully match a bet, they may go "all-in", allowing them to show down their hand for the amount of chips they have remaining.
Other games that use poker hand rankings may likewise be referred to as poker. Video poker is a single-player video game that functions much like a slot machine ; most video poker machines play draw poker, where the player bets, a hand is dealt, and the player can discard and replace cards.
Strip poker is a traditional poker variation where players remove clothing when they lose bets. Since it depends only on the basic mechanic of betting in rounds, strip poker can be played with any form of poker; however, it is usually based on simple variants with few betting rounds, like five card draw.
Another game with the poker name, but with a vastly different mode of play, is called Acey-Deucey or Red Dog poker. This game is more similar to Blackjack in its layout and betting; each player bets against the house, and then is dealt two cards.
For the player to win, the third card dealt after an opportunity to raise the bet must have a value in-between the first two.
Payout is based on the odds that this is possible, based on the difference in values of the first two cards. Other poker-like games played at casinos against the house include three card poker and pai gow poker.
The authors claimed that Cepheus would lose at most 0. Less autonomous poker programs exist whose primary purpose is not to play poker by themselves, but is instead to calculate the odds of certain hand outcomes.
For example, one might input a hand which contains three 7s and two unrelated low cards, the program in question would then return that holding just the 7s results in a From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Poker disambiguation. If the first or second card dealt is exposed, then this is considered a misdeal. The dealer then retrieves the card, reshuffles the deck, and again cuts the cards.
However, if any other hole card is exposed due to a dealer error, the deal continues as usual. After completing the deal, the dealer replaces the exposed card with the top card on the deck, and the exposed card is then used as the burn card.
If more than one hole card is exposed, a misdeal is declared by the dealer and the hand is dealt again from the beginning. Each player plays the best five-card hand they can make with the seven cards available.
Here is a sample game involving four players. Alice is the dealer. Alice deals two hole cards face down to each player, beginning with Bob and ending with herself.
Ted must act first, being the first player after the big blind. Alice now burns another card and deals the turn card face up.
Bob checks, Carol checks, and Alice checks; the turn has been checked around. As a result, it is common for kickers to be used to determine the winning hand and also for two hands or maybe more to tie.
The following situation illustrates the importance of breaking ties with kickers and card ranks, as well as the use of the five-card rule. Bob and Carol still each have two pair queens and eights , but both of them are now entitled to play the final ace as their fifth card, making their hands both two pair, queens and eights, with an ace kicker.
They therefore tie and split the pot. This strategy involves playing relatively few hands tight , but betting and raising often with those that one does play aggressive.
As a result, players typically play fewer hands from early positions than later positions. In addition, groups at the University of Alberta and Carnegie Mellon University worked to develop poker playing programs utilizing techniques in game theory and artificial intelligence.
Although it does not win every hand, it is unbeatable on average over a large number of hands. The program exhibits more variation in its tactics than professional players do, for instance bluffing with weak hands that professional players tend to fold.
Because only two cards are dealt to each player, it is easy to characterize all of the starting hands. Because no suit is more powerful than another , many of these can be equated for the analysis of starting-hand strategy.
Because of this equivalence, there are only effectively different hole-card combinations. Thirteen of these are pairs, from deuces twos to aces.
There are 78 ways to have two cards of different rank 12 possible hands containing one ace, 11 possible hands containing one king but no ace, 10 possible hands containing one queen but no ace or king, etc.
Both hole cards can be used in a flush if they are suited, but pairs are never suited, so there would be 13 possible pairs, 78 possible suited non-pairs, and 78 possible unsuited "off-suit" non-pairs, for a total of possible hands.
Because of the limited number of starting hands, most strategy guides include a detailed discussion of each of them. Another result of this small number is the proliferation of colloquial names for individual hands.
Strategy for these different forms can vary. Before the advent of poker tournaments , all poker games were played with real money where players bet actual currency or chips that represented currency.
Games that feature wagering actual money on individual hands are still very common and are referred to as "cash games" or "ring games".
Lower-stakes games also exhibit different properties than higher-stakes games. Small-stakes games often involve more players in each hand and can vary from extremely passive little raising and betting to extremely aggressive many raises.
This difference of small-stakes games has prompted several books dedicated to only those games. Standard play allows all entrants to "buy-in" for a fixed amount and all players begin with an equal value of chips.
Play proceeds until one player has accumulated all the chips in play or a deal is made among the remaining players to " chop " the remaining prize pool.
The money pool is redistributed to the players in relation to the place they finished in the tournament. Only a small percentage of the players receive any money, with the majority receiving nothing.
As a result, the strategy in poker tournaments can be very different from a cash game. In tournaments the blinds and antes increase regularly, and can become much larger near the end of the tournament.
This can force players to play hands that they would not normally play when the blinds were small, which can warrant both more loose and more aggressive play.
The strategy of playing each hand can be very different according to the strength of the hand. For example, on a strong hand, a player might want to try to appear weak in order to not scare off other players with weaker hands, while on a weak hand, a player might try to bluff other players into folding.
There are several ways to evaluate hand strength; two of the most common are counting outs and using calculators. Such cards are called "outs", and hand strength can be measured by how many outs are still in the deck if there are many outs then the probability to get one of them is high and therefore the hand is strong.
The winner is either selected for each individual board with each receiving half of the pot, or the best overall hand takes the entire pot, depending on the rules agreed upon by the players.
In Manila, players receive two private cards from a reduced deck containing no cards lower than 7. Manila has several variations of its own, similar to the variants listed above.
Each player is dealt two cards face down and seeks make his or her best five card poker hand using from any combination of the seven cards five community cards and their own two hole cards.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the poker game. Poker , List of poker hands , Poker probability , and Glossary of poker terms.
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